The takeaway: An annuity bankruptcy doesn’t happen everyday, but it does happen. (Just ask me.) Protect yourself with these three must-do actions. Don’t be my younger self!
Part 3 of a series on annuities that will appear here from time to time.
All I had to do was swing by the bridal shop, pick up my freshly pressed wedding gown, and head to the church. Mr. Boomer Money and More was waiting for me there to tie the knot. In great anticipation, I danced down the stairs of my apartment building, twirled to the carport, and there it wasn’t.
Sometime between the rehearsal dinner and my morning breakfast, my car had been stolen. The Los Angeles police department (LAPD) told me not to expect to get it back. Forty years later, when I can’t find my car in a massive parking lot, there’s a brief moment when I think the car’s been stolen.
Events like that stay with you.
It’s the same thing when you buy an annuity that goes bankrupt. You don’t forget the experience. (Trust me.) All you can do is learn what you should have done.
An annuity is only as financially dependable as the company selling it.”
As we discussed here, an annuity is an insurance policy designed to ensure you don’t outlive your money.
You pay an annuity company money. In return, they pay you back that money—with interest—for a certain number of years or the rest of your life, whichever you prefer. You only pay tax on the interest.
What could go wrong?
Well, for starters, the annuity company could go bankrupt.
Annuity bankruptcies are about as common as having your car stolen on your wedding day. Still, they do happen.
Today’s post is designed to make sure you don’t buy an annuity headed for bankruptcy. “
Take action to avoid an annuity headed for bankruptcy
- Before you buy, take two minutes and verify the annuity’s financial strength ratings.
- Take advantage of the annuity free-look period.
- Before you buy, know the rules for accessing your state’s guaranty fund, should the worst happen–like the annuity goes bust.
#1. Take two minutes and verify the annuity’s ratings.
Boomer, this is your best option to avoid an annuity headed for bankruptcy. There are companies that rate the financial strength of insurance companies, such as those selling annuities. Financial strength is a measure of how likely a company is to thrive or go bust. Here are the rating companies.
Each rating agency has its own terminology for rating financial strength. The terminology may differ, but the message is the same. A superior rating represents a company with outstanding financial strength.
These are companies that have tons of assets and cash flow. That cash flow comes in handy in sending you your monthly annuity check. The more conservative a buyer you are, the stronger financial strength you’ll want. See Table 1.
Table 1. Examples of each agency’s rating designation that might appeal to conservative buyers.
Annuity ratings are your best chance of avoiding an annuity headed for bankruptcy.”
These rating companies help you choose a financially sound annuity. Spend the two minutes and look up your annuity before you buy. These two minutes can save you profound heartache further down the road.
#2. Take advantage of the annuity free-look period.
Once you buy, the free-look period is the number of days you have to look over your annuity policy and change your mind. Each state’s free-look period is different, but it’s roughly between 10 and 30 days. (Check your state here–scroll down.) Recall that we’ve already discussed the annuity free-look period here.
After you shell out the money for an annuity, the only way to get a no-questions-asked refund is via the free-look period.”
State guaranty funds provide aid to consumers when an annuity company defaults on its customer payments or becomes insolvent. All 50 states and the District of Columbia have state guaranty funds. Like the FDIC, which insures bank accounts for up to $250,000, most state guaranty funds “insure” annuities for between $250,000 and $300,000.
If you plan to buy an annuity beyond your state’s limits, you might want to buy from multiple insurers. Check your state’s limits here. (Scroll down.)
Each state guaranty fund varies in:
- calculating how much annuity owners are due and
- the maximum amount they’ll receive.
.Here’s what else you should do.
Keep your expectations on the low side. Don’t necessarily expect to:
- receive your monthly annuity check while the bankruptcy unwinds in court or
- get back all the annuity money you put in, even if it’s within the $250,000 – $300,000 range.
Worse, expect to keep paying annuity fees and any other required payments, while the annuity company winds its way through the bankruptcy and guaranty fund bureaucracies.
Boomer, let this sink in.
Even though the bankrupt annuity company isn’t paying you, you’re generally required to keep paying them.”
Some states vary, but keep this general rule in mind. For you to receive redress, it’s typically required for your primary residence, the licensed annuity company, and the guaranty fund to all be in the same state.
Seek additional help if you need it. The folks over at Blueprint Income do a nice job discussing guaranty funds, with helpful links provided. There, you can check your state’s specific requirement for access to the guaranty fund. (Scroll down.)
If you need more help, click here for your state’s insurance commissioner. (Click on the state name.)
My sordid involvement in an annuity bankruptcy.
Consider my story to be Exhibit A of how not to buy an annuity.
- I bought a Baldwin United annuity from a close relative who was trying to get back on financially sound footing.
- It was a “sympathy buy” of a complex product I didn’t understand, with money I didn’t have.
- I was 30 years old–way too young for an annuity.
This, earth angel, is what happens when you:
- don’t use the rating agencies to check a company’s financial strength;
- don’t look over your policy immediately after buying it; and
- have no idea of how to get redress from a guaranty fund.
Don’t be my younger self!
It took four years for annuity owners to receive redress. And during that four years, annuity owners never received the annuity payments they were due. However, they had to keep paying their annuity fees if they had any hope of eventually receiving redress and being made whole.
Again, let that sink in!!!
How awful did that have to be for retirees who’d planned on that money?
The rest of the story.
I learned about the bankruptcy of the annuity I’d bought in my graduate accounting class, of all places. The professor was discussing how the general public needed to be better consumers of financial information–like the kind supplied by ratings companies. If they did, he said, annuity owners would have been spared the heartache caused by the bankruptcy of “annuity giant“ Baldwin United.
The room began to spin and I couldn’t believe my ears.
I’d just given every dime I had for that annuity. (Yet another foolish mistake.) I couldn’t get home fast enough to call the company.
During the course of the call, something amazing happened right then and there:
- the Moon was in the 7th house;
- the Fifth Dimension began to sing; and
- Lo and behold, I was in the free-look period.✨
In one of those too good to be true moments, I received a full refund shortly thereafter–as always authorized by the free-look period.
Let there be no mistake. That’s called stupid-dumb-luck.
And let’s not mince words. I was stupid, dumb, and lucky.
I was also thrilled.
Almost as thrilled as I was when I said “I do” and even more thrilled than when LAPD recovered my car.
Maybe, just once in a lifetime, fortune really does favor the foolish.